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Download PDF by Mark Gregory Pegg: A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for

By Mark Gregory Pegg

ISBN-10: 0195393104

ISBN-13: 9780195393101

In January of 1208, a papal legate used to be murdered at the banks of the Rhone in southern France. A livid Pope blameless III accused heretics of the crime and known as upon all Christians to exterminate heresy among the Garonne and Rhone rivers--a monstrous sector referred to now as Languedoc--in a superb campaign. This so much holy conflict, the 1st during which Christians have been promised salvation for killing different Christians, lasted twenty bloody years--it was once a protracted savage conflict for the soul of Christendom.
In A such a lot Holy conflict, historian Mark Pegg has produced a swift-moving, gripping narrative of this awful campaign, drawing partly on hundreds of thousands of stories accumulated via inquisitors within the years 1235 to 1245. those debts of standard women and men, remembering what it used to be prefer to pass though such brutal instances, carry the tale vividly to lifestyles. Pegg argues that generations of historians (and novelists) have misunderstood the campaign; they assumed it used to be a conflict opposed to the Cathars, the main well-known heretics of the center a long time. The Cathars, Pegg finds, by no means existed. He extra indicates how a millennial fervor approximately "cleansing" the realm of heresy, coupled with an apprehension that Christendom was once being eaten clear of inside by way of heretics who seemed no diverse than different Christians, made the battles, sieges, and massacres of the campaign virtually apocalyptic of their merciless depth. In responding to this worry with a holy genocidal conflict, blameless III essentially replaced how Western civilization handled participants accused of corrupting society. This basic switch, Pegg argues, led on to the construction of the inquisition, the increase of an anti-Semitism devoted to the violent removal of Jews, or even the holy violence of the Reconquista in Spain and within the New international within the 15th century. All derive their divinely sanctioned slaughter from the Albigensian Crusade.
Haunting and immersive, A such a lot Holy War opens an immense new standpoint on a really pivotal second in international background, a primary and far away foreshadowing of the genocide and holy violence within the glossy international.

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Sample text

23 It was the apparent similarity of heretical ideas through time that demonstrated to medieval intellectuals the historical continuity (and cyclical iniquity) of heretics. The heresies of the past (as revealed in the condemnations of ancient ecclesiastical councils and, especially, in the voluminous writings of Augustine of Hippo against the Manichaeans) provided templates into which the heretical ideas of the present could be fitted and, as a consequence, explained. It was a historical and analytical method that necessitated finding coherence in the beliefs of heretics, no matter when, no matter where, so that not only were all heresies continuous over the centuries but, as all heretical thoughts were perceived as similar from Toulouse to Cologne, from London to Jerusalem, deep and secretive connections must exist among all heretics throughout Christendom.

13 Henri, at the end of his visit to Toulouse in 1178, traveled through the Albigeois—a ‘‘damnable region, which is like a great cesspool of evil, with all the scum of heresy flowing into it’’—to rebuke Roger II for imprisoning the bishop of Albi. The viscount of Be´ziers, with casual indifference, ignored the abbot of Clairvaux. A furious Henri ‘‘declared Roger a traitor, a heretic, and a perjurer for having violated the peace,’’ and condemned him to public excommunication. 14 Henri, three years later, finding the bright door still open, sought his revenge in a tiny (not quite holy) war.

2 Yet, even with the insight of the dead rewritten through the hindsight of the living, neither ghost nor man could have guessed that the divine pleasure of 1211, a holy ardor unleashed three years earlier, when the pope proclaimed a crusade against the heretics in the lands of the count of Toulouse, was only the beginning of a war that would last, from start to finish, twenty-one years. The Albigensian Crusade, a series of armed pilgrimages in which Christians were guaranteed salvation through the killing of other Christians, savagely reshaped not just the specific holiness flourishing between the Garonne and Rhoˆne Rivers but, and this is no exaggeration, it reconfigured the relationship of divinity and humanity throughout Christendom— indeed, it redefined Christendom itself.

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A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History) by Mark Gregory Pegg

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