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Download PDF by John Joseph Saunders: A History of Medieval Islam

By John Joseph Saunders

ISBN-10: 0203199766

ISBN-13: 9780203199763

ISBN-10: 0203199790

ISBN-13: 9780203199794

ISBN-10: 0415059143

ISBN-13: 9780415059145

Will not be the phrases "Medieval Islam" a redundancy? while has Islam ever now not been "Medieval"? for instance, with a purpose to examine the background of the "Dark Ages", you'll learn eighth and ninth century Europe, otherwise you may examine any Arab kingdom this day that is guided via Islamic principles.

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Yet the man is not dwarfed by these events: he towers above his countrymen and contemporaries as a religious genius and a practical statesman, and his creations, more enduring than bronze, have survived the vicissitudes of the thirteen centuries and been adapted to the style and requirements of people he never knew. In the wider perspectives of universal history, we may discern in Muhammad, the greatest of the sons of Ishmael, the belated response of the restless and long-submerged East to the challenge of Alexander; the Greek tide, which had overspread these lands for a thousand years, was rolled back, Christianity from Mesopotamia to Morocco was levelled to the status of a despised and tolerated sect, and Islam, the executioner of Hellenism, broke forever the unity of the Mediterranean world.

When the invader had re-crossed the seas, the Himyar king reconquered his realm, and wreaked a savage vengeance on the Christians of Najran, who had probably collaborated with the Axumites. Their churches were demolished, and several hundred Najranis, who refused to apostatize, were burnt alive in a trench or moat outside their principal settlement. This occurred in the year 523, and the ‘martyrs of Najran’ are commemorated in the liturgies of the Greek, Latin and Oriental Churches. This time the Abyssinians determined on a final reckoning, and with some naval help from the Romans, they led a veritable crusade against the persecutor.

A translation of and commentary on these famous poems. , Arabia Deserta, Cambridge, 1888. Garnett, 1931. Still the most vivid picture of Bedouin life before the changes of recent years. , La pénétration des Arabes en Syrie avant l’Islam, Paris, 1955. Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed. 1954, arts. , Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean, Princeton, 1951. A good short account of the sea commerce of old Arabia. , Arabia before Muhammad, London 1927. Now somewhat out-of-date. PHILBY, H. ST. , The Empty Quarter, London, 1933.

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A History of Medieval Islam by John Joseph Saunders

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