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Download e-book for iPad: A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in by William Lockley Miller

By William Lockley Miller

ISBN-10: 963911698X

ISBN-13: 9789639116986

Established upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and electorate, this ebook makes a speciality of concerns similar to bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of data in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and examine public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They display how the matter of electorate' interactions with officers varies in sort in addition to in measure around the international locations of crucial and jap Europe.

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Extra resources for A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe

Example text

A majority of officials confessed that they had recently accepted a small present from a client. Up to a quarter in some countries said theyare willing to accept ‘money or an expensive present’ from a client, thoughfar fewer had actually done so recently. We look at the influence of institutional cultures, economic pressures and temptations or opportunities on the gift-taking behaviourof officials. Our analysis suggests that the strongest chain of influenceor causation runs from the bargaining power of certain typesof official in relation to their clients, through frequent offers from these clients, then through uninhibited willingness to accept, and eventually to actual ac- Coping with Government 31 ceptance.

By their own account, minorities make more use of any and every strategy for influencing officials-they argue more than the titular nationality and they also use contacts, presents and bribes morefkquently. The one clear exception tothis rule is Gypsies, who seem to have ‘given up’. They, and they alone, use any and every strategy far less than the titular nationality. This combinastress to tion of findings points to a ‘curvilinear model’ of ethnic response under which moderate levels of discrimination prompt a ‘try harder’ response, while greater levels prompt a ‘give up’ response.

We probed attitudes towards a wide variety of proposals for reform. Though some key questions did specify fair treatment ‘without having to give money or presents’ in order to obtain it, we focused attention on reforms ‘to ensure fair treatment for citizens’ rather than on reforms to reduce corruptionas such. As we found earlier, citizens can get unfair treatment from lazy, incompetent, authoritarian and capricious officialsas well as from corrupt ones. Fewerofficial forms, fewer documents, certificates and permissions mighthelp reduce the opportunities for extortion, but they would be welcomed even in societies with zero levels of corruption.

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A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe by William Lockley Miller


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