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Download e-book for kindle: A Brief History of Robin Hood by Nigel Cawthorne

By Nigel Cawthorne

Who was once Robin Hood? all through background the figures of the hooded guy of Sherwood wooded area and his band of outlaws have transfixed readers and audience; yet the place does the parable come from? the tale seemed out of the legend of the fairway guy yet came across its position throughout the reign of Richard II, the Lionheart, who was once clear of England struggling with within the crusades. In his absence his brother John lay waste to the rustic. yet does this inform the total tale? used to be Robin a bandit prince prior to a troop of brigands? Who used to be the Sherrif and was once he in reality the valid legislation within the land battling vigilantes?

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Ockham thereby advocates a method of philosophical and theological analysis that requires suspension of coercive judgment in matters concerning heretical belief. In his view, the onus for demonstrating that an individual’s belief stands in error pertains to the person who performs the correction. 4). In part, this is because prelates (and rulers) themselves are often ignorant and fallible in matters of faith. But, more importantly, Ockham maintains that the only reason one may legitimately employ coercion is to correct a person who explicitly admits that his position is erroneous and still refuses to surrender it – in other words, a person entirely lacking in powers of reason (which he seems to think is rare indeed).

1). Ius in Roman law can refer not only to a concept or a general state of things (as in ‘right order’) but also a body of legal precepts (ius civile, ius gentium), or even a single precept in such a code. It can mean “right” in the sense of a person’s legal rights, including personal standing in such matters as being a free man, and it can refer to legal rights over others, or jurisdiction. According to Ulpian, “Justice is . . ”8 In this sense, the word ius could imply disadvantage to an individual as well as the advantages usually associated with having a right,9 and it has connotations that link it with the key passage of Cicero already cited in the discussion of iustitia.

Citizens must be accorded a role in consent to law and government inasmuch as statutory dictates and the execution of those dictates impact their direct interests. Consequently, the common good for Marsilius comes to be coextensive with the aggregate advantage of each of the individuals within the community. No power may legitimately be imposed upon the polity that is inconsistent with the interests of its citizens. Therefore, by consulting one’s own direct benefit in the evaluation of public affairs, one simultaneously discovers the communal benefit: The common utility of a law is better noticed by the whole community, because no one knowingly harms oneself.

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A Brief History of Robin Hood by Nigel Cawthorne


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